CCNE Accredits AUB's Nursing Programs  
Architecture Building and Science Lab Dedicayed in Name of Kamal Shair
Abu-Haidar Neuroscience Institute Opens
Imad Baalbaki Appointed Assistant Vice President for Development
AUB Establishes Virtual Instrumentation Center
Ziyadeh Appointed Chairman of Internal Medicine
Kibbi Joins ILDS Directors
Faculty Profile: Shadi Najjar
Faculty Profile: Daniel Asmar
Faculty Profile: Karim Nader
Asplante Honors Three AUB Professors
AUB Scientists Hope to Cure Diseases through Stem Cell Therapy
Concerns about Food and Nutrition
CRPH Win Wellcome Trust Grant
AUB Business School Set to Join Rank of Top 6 Percent in the Wolrd
Franklin Scholarship Awarded to 20 Students
Names of First batch of Franklin Scholars
Festival of Thinkers in the UAE
Project Manager Alain Eid Brings His Energy and Success to AUB
Staff Profile: Eleanor Aboussouan
An Urgent Call for Environmental Action
Lebanon's Oil Spill Revisited - 14 Months Later
AUB Hosts Meeting for Reconstruction of the South
Peruvian Diplomat Lectures at AUB
Political Science Lecture Examines Nonviolent Resistance
Iraqi Sociologist Speaks at Sociology Cafe
Learning to Teach: Mellon Summer Seminar 2007
School of Nursing Hosts Lecture on Ethics in Medicine
Volunteers at CCCL Learn about Patient Care
Physician Lectures on the Global Epidemic of Obesity
Erratum
Award-winning Designer Lectures at AUB
German Architect Lectures on Contemporary Approaches to Landscape Design
JTP Equips Journalists with Survival and Management Skills
Human Rights Week Underscores Humanitarian Concerns
Recently Published
In Memoriam
Laila Baroody Awarded for Outstanding Service
Comic Posters Exhibited
Kulturzentrum Presents Opera Program in Assembly Hall
AUB Spring Concert Enthralls Audience with Early Italian Music
AUB Music Club Sells Out
November 2007 Vol. 9 No. 2


Political Science Lecture Examines Nonviolent Resistance

Maria J. Stephan

The Political Science Department sponsored a lecture entitled "Waging Nonviolent Political Struggle: Civil Resistance in the Middle East and Beyond," by Maria J. Stephan, director of the Educational Initiatives at the International Nonviolent Center. Held in West Hall, the lecture focused on the nonviolent resistance movements in the Palestinian territories and in Lebanon.

Stephan began by defining nonviolent struggle as the "active prosecution of conflict in non-military methods." The protest can take the form of non-cooperation and non-violent intervention, such as vigils and sit-ins. The functioning of nonviolent movements occurs through "a collective denial of consent and cooperation, and removing the opponents' economic, political, and social pillars of support." Examples of successful nonviolent resistance, Stephan said, include the dismantling of the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet in Chile in 1983.

Stephan is currently conducting research on nonviolent resistance in the Middle East, where she studied the Palestinian territories and the Intifada (1987-90). Usually, she said, a trigger event helps launch a nonviolent struggle. In the case of the Intifada, the event was the Israeli army's killing of four Gaza citizens. The result was a collective defiance by the people and a demand for self-governance; the members of the Intifada were organized and came up with leaflets and follow-up groups to keep the resistance movement momentum going. Despite its organization, however, the movement eventually failed, because of increased division within the groups and the consequent spread of factionalism.

The key principles for the success of any nonviolent resistance movement, Stephan pointed out, include maintaining unity, thorough planning, and remaining loyal to nonviolent disciplines. Furthermore, she stressed that the movement should be able to sustain itself and set up a thorough plan after its potential success, because in the aftermath the movement's mission might be lost and threatened with failure.